And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers, to equip the saints for the work of ministry, for building up the body of Christ, until we all attain to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to mature manhood, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ.
Ephesians 4:11-13 ESV
Summary: The uniqueness of Apostolic leadership lies in the ability to pioneer new, innovative and mission minded works to maintain and develop the sentness of the church.
Leadership Style: Apostolic leadership has a unique sense of being sent. In a leader, he or she has an internal sense of urgency for the future, an awareness of the needs of tomorrow. Apostolic leadership seek opportunities to engage causes of significance larger than themselves. The mindset of the Apostolic is often trans-local, larger and more encompassing than the immediate.
Attributes: Apostolic leadership is the guardian of the organization’s DNA, or identity of the community and cause. He or she is an entrepreneur, a groundbreaker and strategist seeking to initiate an organization or individual’s purpose, service, or mission. The Apostolic leader impacts communities through extension and the strong desire to plant the Gospel and mobilize others to do the same. Apostolic leaders need to sense movement and change. The Apostolic influences by ensuring that Christianity is transmitted from one context to another, from one era to another.
Summary: The genius of Prophetic leadership is the ability to discern the spiritual realities in a given situation or community.
Leadership Style: This leadership style communicates the elements of the spiritual realities in a timely and appropriate way. The Prophetic has an innate sense of knowing the mind of God on issues concerning growth and transformation. As a leader, he or she is concerned that changes made today are needed to progress into the future.
Attributes: Those with a prophetic calling will do all they can to listen to God, see what He sees, feel something of what He feels, speak and act on His behalf, and call people to faithfulness and obedience. He or she is a questioner and agitator for change, freely disturbing the status quo and challenging individuals and organization to move in a different, God directed path. Prophetic leadership influences others by truth – telling, not afraid of speaking in a tension with the dominant way of thinking and practice.
Prophetic leaders usually have a stronger than usual passion for holiness, justice, and righteousness.
Summary: Evangelistic leadership communicates the gospel message in a way that people respond through salvation as well as having greater faith in themselves and their purpose.
Leadership Style: Evangelistic leadership inspires people to greater commitments of following and discipleship. The Evangelistic leadership recruits others for a cause. Evangelists are communicators who create an invitational culture, “sneeze” the movement message, engage in culturally relevant ways, and recruit to the cause.
Attributes: Often, the Evangelistic leader comfortable around believers and non-believers alike – each seen as they can be. As the owner of the message, the Evangelist leader will make great sacrifices to achieve a genuine response. He or she is a communicator / recruiter, taking the organization’s message to the outside, and convincing them of it. Evangelistic leadership markets and promotes an idea or vision to gain loyalty allegiance to the cause. The Evangelistic leader impacts the community through expansion. The Evangelist leader influences others by calling for greater personal response and sacrifice to a greater cause and purpose.
Summary: Shepherding leadership influence by nurturing, protecting and caring for people.
Leadership Style: Shepherd leaders primary function is as the caregivers of individuals. Shepherding leadership is the people-oriented motivator who develops and supports healthy relational systems. In a leader, he or she has the unique ability to know and understand the needs of people and the ability to develop others. Shepherd leaders focus on the needs of today and manage people through meaningful and personal contact. They enrich communal experience, develop social bonding, protect the Body, promote and facilitate healing and wholeness.
Attributes: Often the Shepherd leader has a unique understanding of other’s feelings and emotions, creating a sincere relational bond. He or she will seek to create safe environments for meaning spiritual growth and discipleship. A Shepherd leader believes in the need to seek to resolve the needs of today at the expense of the focusing on needs of tomorrow. He or she is a humanizer, they provide the emotional glue for the caring of individuals within an organization. The Shepherd leader impacts the community through nurture. The Shepherd leader influences others by their deep love, care and protection of those in their care.
Summary: The genius of Teaching leadership is their ability to reveal and communicate the wisdom of God.
Leadership Style: Teaching leadership inspires others to learn and obey the truth of Christ’s teachings and commands. In a leader, he or she is the one who explains and seeks explanation of the truth. The Teacher leader focuses on the integration of truth into the personal and social elements of the community by helping to develop a Biblical worldview, developing resources for learning, transmitting ideas, and integrating life and thinking.
Attributes: He or she can be seen as a systematizer, seeking to organize various intellectual and practical parts into a working unity. With this type of understanding, the Teacher leader advances a cause through clear and simple communication. Teaching leadership articulates organization and structure to others for the fulfillment of a cause or task. The Teacher leader impacts the community through understanding. The teacher leader influences others by clarifying the mind and will of God so people gain wisdom and understanding.